Different people connect different things to spirituality. Some people’s main concerns are their faith in God and their active participation in organized religion. Others focus on nonreligious activities that help them connect with their spiritual selves, such as time spent in nature, solitary introspection, private prayer, yoga, or meditation. So, generally speaking, we may say that spirituality is a broad notion that refers to a belief in what is beyond the physical world and a search for purpose, meaning, and connection with that higher power or divine force. It includes a range of religious and nonreligious beliefs and practices, such as prayer, mindfulness practice, meditation, and personal reflection. Finding harmony between the mind, body, and spirit as well as investigating one’s inner self are also common aspects of spirituality.
Acccording to a study led by researchers ( Balboni, VanderWeele and others) at Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health and Brigham and Women’s Hospital, published online in JAMA on July 12, 2022 : « Our findings indicate that attention to spirituality in serious illness and in health should be a vital part of future whole person-centered care, and the results should stimulate more national discussion and progress on how spirituality can be incorporated into this type of value-sensitive care ».
Indeed, spirituality can be health protective in several ways :
1-Stress reduction : spirituality often involves practices like meditation, prayer, and mindfulness, which help reduce and manage stress levels.
2-Enhanced mental health : By providing a sense of purpose, meaning, and connection to something greater than oneself, spirituality can offer emotional support, reduce feeling of loneliness, and increase overall well-being. Research has shown that spiritual practices can be beneficial for mental health conditions such as depression and axiety.
3-Coping mechanism : Many people seek consolation and comfort in their beliefs during difficult times by turning to spirituality. People might find hope, resilience, and a coping strategy to deal with life’s challenges through religious rituals, spiritual communities, and beliefs in a higher power.
4-Improved lifestyle choices : Spirituality frequently motivates people to make better lifestyle decisions. For instance, religious teachings may encourage a healthy lifestyle that includes a balanced diet, regular exercise, and avoiding dangerous substances. These behaviors may improve physical health and lower the risk of developing chronic illnesses.
5-Social support : Belonging to a community or faith group, which spirituality frequently entails, offers social support and a sense of belonging. Strong social ties have been found to have health-protective effects because they can promote healthy habits, lower stress levels, and enhance mental wellbeing.
6-Positive mindset and gratitude : Gratitude, compassion, forgiveness, and other positive emotions are promoted by spirituality. Positive thinking and appreciation exercises have been associated with improved physical and mental health outcomes.
The subjective nature of spirituality and how various individuals interpret it should be noted. However, numerous spiritual beliefs and practices have been linked to favorable health outcomes, eventually supporting a wholistic perspective on wellbeing as all these Healthy benefites can result in a better outlook on life, greater resiliency, and an increase in general wellbeing.