Plants contain natural substances called phytonutrients that have a variety of positive health effects. Although these substances are not necessary nutrients, they are crucial for preserving good health. Because plants have a defense mechanism that guards against various stress damages to active oxygen, plants and extracts derived from plants are employed for medical purposes, such as the prevention of illnesses. Antioxidant enzymes and chemicals that scavenge free radicals help plants repair their genetic material and cells.
Antioxidants have the power to prevent other molecules from oxidizing. Typically, these organic substances are reducing agents like carotenoids. The most potent plants and herbs against oxidative stress have so been studied for their significance to human health.
In this context, carotenoids, in particular lycopene, have a substantial impact on human health, particularly in cardiovascular disorders where pro-inflammatory states, excessive reactive oxygen species generation, and irregular plasma lipid levels are present.
Oxidative stress, which is brought on by highly reactive free radicals, is one of the primary causes of chronic disease. By offering cardiovascular protection, antioxidants are among the most significant chemicals in the fight against cardiovascular illnesses. Antioxidants are a diverse class of substances that inhibit oxidation in different ways. In this way, eating foods high in carotenoids lowers the chance of developing a number of chronic diseases, such as type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and neurological disorders.
Lycopene in particular, which is an effective singlet oxygen detoxifier, can stop lipid oxidation in its early stages. Lycopene has been shown to be more effective than other carotenoids at protecting against oxidative damage. Lycopene serves as a beneficial antioxidant thanks to its redox potential.
The reddish hue of tomato, papaya, apricot, pink guavas, and watermelon is due to the red pigment lycopene. Lycopene is abundant in tomatoes, an essential agricultural commodity. Several plants that are neither red nor orange, such parsley and asparagus, also contain lycopene.
Consuming lycopene-rich foods can shield people from a number of ailments, including cancer, heart disease, and other disorders, according to a growing body of studies.
It is crucial for your health and a balanced diet to include foods high in lycopene due to its multiple preventative characteristics that lower the risk of oxidative stress-related diseases like atherosclerosis, cardiovascular disease, neurological disorders, and cancer.
The benefits of lycopene on serum cholesterol levels, their decrease of endothelial dysfunction, their reduction of inflammation, their assistance in controlling blood pressure, and their antioxidative actions are the reasons for its positive health impact.